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How Different Modes of Transport Impact the Environment

We often hear the words transport and trade thrown around together with freight and air freight. But what exactly is it? transport refers to the movement, by people or animals, of objects or individuals from one place to another. Transport, therefore, is essentially the transfer of objects, people or animals from one place to another. Therefore, the definition of transport includes the movement, by people or animals, of any object or human-made entity from one place to another.


However, when we refer to transport, we generally envision the movement by land, sea or air. Air freight as well as freight transportation by land and/or air can be further broken down further into two further forms. These are containerization and logistics.

Containerization refers to the use of large transport vehicles such as refrigerators, trucks or flatbeds for the storage of freight. This process uses at least one vehicle for each load in order to create a system that allows for efficient transportation of loads. The main article mentioned above is a perfect example of a containerized system. Similarly, containerization is used in a number of other ways. For instance, in situations where a company needs to store raw materials in anticipation of manufacturing goods, this mode of transport presents an ideal solution. As an alternative to shipping goods in general, the main article mentioned above can be used for the transportation of food.

On the other hand, logistics or passenger transport refers to the movement by persons or vehicles for the purpose of passenger transportation. Mainly, this type of transport occurs on public highways and can either take the form of rail transport or road transport. The major environmental impact associated with passenger transport is the emission of greenhouse gasses into the atmosphere. The main article mentioned above shows how passenger transport can have a negative environmental impact if not combined with other means of transport such as trucks.

For instance, when gases are transported via trucks, one place where emissions occur is at the truck’s venting system. This is because fuel combustion occurs and carbon monoxide is released along with the nitrogen oxide during the reaction. These gasses pose a severe threat to human health and cause several health conditions such as poisoning. The major source of greenhouse gasses emissions is the transportation of fossil fuels.

Another significant transport method is rail transport. Rail transport can either take the form of road transport or rail transport. As a result of the nature of the freight, the rails tend to carry heavier items that cannot be carried out using other methods. The transport of freight by rail can cause serious environmental damage. One of the biggest problems is that the railway tracks are located inside some of the most biologically diverse locations in the world. The mixing of natural environments will increase the chances for contamination.

Water transport involves both land and sea transportation. Both land and sea transportation have the potential to damage the environment due to their modes of transport. Sea transport, mainly ocean shipping, has the largest environmental impact as the majority of the wastes produced by the process of sea shipping are discharged into the environment. On the other hand, land transportation has relatively less environmental impact as the wastes produced in land transportation do not reach the sea. Land transportation also has the problem of being an expensive mode of transportation as fuels are used that are extremely expensive. Due to the rising cost of gas, railway, and water transport have been classified as the least environmentally friendly modes of transportation.

The major modes of transportation include commercial vehicle transport, passenger transport, and freight transport. Commercial vehicle transport refers to the movement of vehicles between points within a nation or in international networks. Examples of commercial vehicles that are used regularly are taxis, motor bikes, delivery vans, delivery trucks, semi-conductors, buses, trucks, and rail cars. Passenger transport includes the movement of passengers both for domestic and international purposes. Common passenger transport modes include air transport, road transport, sea transport, and railway transport. Freight transport is used to transport bulk cargo from one place to another within a nation or in international networks.