Transport, or transportation, is simply the movement of objects, people and products from one place to another. Simply put, the act of transportation is defined as any motion of an object or organism from a point A to point B. There are various modes of transportation, and transportation is divided into two broad categories. These categories are transportation associated with the environment and transportation associated with people.
The environment transportation mode of transport includes air, rail, truck, boat and road. Rail is the most commonly used mode of transporting goods over long distances. Air transport is mostly used between two points for evacuating cargo. Truck and boat transport is used for short distance travel within the nation or abroad. The freight mode of transport is utilized for the transportation of perishable items. Most commonly, this form of transport involves the use of trucks.
Transportation in terms of the environment refers to the use of vehicles to transport people, material and products from one place to another. Transportation in the human world refers to the use of vehicles to transport oneself from one place to another. This mode of transportation was first recognized by the adoption of highways. Freight transport systems are generally categorized as either road or rail. Road freight transport is mostly associated with the movement of manufactured cars and other high-valued commodities.
Rail transportation is generally used for transporting people and materials by means of trains. The rails are elevated and therefore do not have the disadvantages of contact with the surface, dust or loose gravel. The rails are also flexible and are capable of different grades of elevation. Rail transportation is commonly associated with the freight, passenger and transcontinental transport market. On the other hand, air transport is most commonly associated with commercial and military purposes.
Air transport is mainly targeted at providing regional, national or international air transportation by aircraft. It uses either sea or land transport systems. Air transport is highly dynamic and is characterized by an increase in speed, the provision of various kinds of attachment and the ability to avoid obstacles. For instance, a transport aircraft may need to make use of the air strips and landing fields to enable it to take off vertically from a certain height.
Geographical dimensions can affect transportation in two different but related ways. First, transport can be affected by geography in terms of its spatial features. This refers to the features of the environment which may affect travel, and in turn, transportation. For instance, areas with a low population density and low population level density can reduce the rate of travel. However, high levels of population density and high population level density can increase the rate of travel.
The second way in which transport geographical features can influence transportation is economic activities. Economic activities are primarily governed by supply and demand economics. Therefore, transport geography influences economic activities by determining the extent to which a service can be provided, the transport means by which it can be provided and the rate at which it can be used.
Let us now have a look at the main article transport mode. The main article transport refers to the main form of transport used in the UK. Freight trains, coaches, tramways, cargo ships, road vehicles such as buses, private lorries, rail transport, sea shipping and rail freight are just some examples of the main article transport in the UK. The main article transport has a broad scope and includes all forms of inland transport such as passenger trains, coaches, trams, freight trains, rail freight, sea freight and rail transport. The main article transport also covers road vehicle transport, which is one of the most important forms of transport in the UK.